Flag of Indonesia Indonesia is a Southeast Asian nation sitting between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. The country is made up of thousands of volcanic islands, home of over 18.000 islands, hundreds of ethnic groups speaking many different languages. It is known for beaches, volcanoes, Komodo dragons and jungles sheltering elephants, orangutans and tigers. On the island of Java lies Indonesia’s vibrant, sprawling capital, Jakarta, and the city of Yogyakarta.